According to Kinchin (1999, p65) there are key characteristics observed in expert and novice concept maps comparation.
Expert concept maps
- Connectedness Highly integrated structure with numerous cross-links
- Link quality Appropriate linking phrases which add to the meaning of concepts, using the specialist language of the domain
- Link variety A diversity of linking phrases illustrating a range of thought processes
- Dynamism Changes over time, reflecting active interaction with alternative knowledge structures.
- Concepts Concentration on major overarching concepts to create an overview.
Novice concept maps
- Connectedness Disjointed structure dominated by linear arrangements in isolated clusters.
- Link quality Links are often inappropriate. Usually single words that add little to the meaning and using non specialist terminology
- Link variety The same linking words are used for a number of links, suggestive of narrow range of thought processes.
- Dynamism Stable over time suggesting a lack of active engagement in knowledge restructuring
- Concepts Concentration on specific concepts indicating a limited perspective.
Kinchin, I.M. (1999). Concept mapping in biology, Journal of Biological Education, 34(2), pp.61-68.